How to improve warehouse efficiency: a guide to logistics automation processes

Written by AKNO Group

Apr 19, 2024

Come migliorare l'efficienza dei magazzini grazie all'automazione, by AKNO Group

How to improve warehouse efficiency: a guide to logistics automation processes

Welcome to our journey into the world of logistics automation. In an era where efficiency is the key to staying competitive, warehouse process automation is increasingly becoming an imperative. This article is your ticket to better understand the wonders of technology applied to logistics.

We will delve into the heart of modern warehouses, where robots and intelligent software have taken the place of human arms and pencils. You will discover how these innovations are revolutionising the way goods are stored, handled and shipped.

Are you ready to find out how automation can make your warehouse logistics more efficient and productive? Then read on, because we have a lot of interesting information to share with you.


Understanding automation processes in warehouse logistics

Having outlined the importance of automation in warehouse operations, let us now delve into the various processes involved. The automation of warehouse logistics involves a range of activities from goods receipt to delivery to the customer.

  1. Reception: upon arrival of products, automated technologies such as barcodes and RFID scanners enable fast and accurate entry of information into the system.
  2. Storage: automatically guided robots (AGVs) place the goods in the designated places within the warehouse, optimising the space used.
  3. Picking and packing: this is where systems such as pick-to-light or voice picking come in and tell workers where to pick items. Alternatively, there are robots capable of performing these tasks autonomously.
  4. Shipment: finally, automated solutions ensure that orders are correctly labelled and ready for shipment.

In addition to these core functions, automation also extends to other areas such as inventory management – thanks to intelligent software – and quality control through sophisticated machine vision.

Furthermore, it is important to remember that not all operations require the same level of automation: there are solutions that can be customised according to the specific needs of each warehouse. For example, a company can opt either for partial automation, integrating manual solutions with automated ones, or for full automation where all operations are managed by machines and software.

Understanding these processes offers a clear vision of how automation can transform warehouse logistics, bringing efficiency, speed and accuracy to day-to-day operations. Innovations in this field continue to advance rapidly, promising further improvements in the efficiency and productivity of warehouse management.


The impact of automation on warehouse management efficiency

We observe that automation has a significant impact on warehouse efficiency. It increases the accuracy of operations, reducing human errors. For example, barcodes and RFID scanners ensure accurate tracking of goods.

Automation also accelerates warehouse processes. AGV robots and automated cranes can work around the clock, thus increasing productivity. For example, an AGV can transport heavy goods much faster than a human operator.

In addition, automation helps to save warehouse space. Systems such as the vertical carousel or the high-density automated storage system optimise usable space, allowing a higher storage capacity in the same building.

Finally, automation leads to better inventory management. Warehouse Management Systems (WMS) provide real-time information on available stock and the location of goods in the warehouse.

However, implementing automation solutions requires significant investment. Not only for the purchase of advanced equipment but also for training staff in the use of new technologies.

In spite of this, we consider that the benefits of automation more than compensate for these initial costs when we consider the increased productivity, reduced errors and improved inventory management. Furthermore, as technology continues to evolve, automation is expected to become more and more affordable.

We see that automation has a direct impact on the efficiency of warehouses. Customisable solutions enable warehouses to adapt to their specific needs and remain competitive in a rapidly changing industry.


Types of automation in warehouse logistics

Diversifying automation methods can lead to optimal operational efficiency in the warehouse. Here are some of the main types:

  1. Transport automation: applications such as Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) and automated conveyors make the movement of goods more efficient. For example, AGVs can be programmed to move along specific routes within the warehouse, improving speed and accuracy.
  2. Storage automation: systems such as high bay systems and automated racking maximise available space, making it easier to keep track of inventory. For example, automated racking uses sensors to adjust the position of items based on demand.
  3. Picking automation: technologies such as voice picking or smart gloves can speed up the picking process and reduce human errors. For example, voice picking provides instructions to operators via headphones, eliminating the need to read a list.
  4. Packaging automation: automatic packaging and sealing machines can increase the speed of preparing orders for shipment.

Each type of automation has its own specific advantages that complement each other to create a complete and efficient logistics system. Remember that automation is not a universal solution; the choice of the most suitable method depends on the specific needs of the company. For example, a small warehouse may not need AGVs, but could benefit from a voice picking solution. In any case, the inclusion of automated processes is a fundamental step towards optimising processes and increasing productivity in the logistics sector.


The implementation of automation processes in the warehouse

Moving on to the implementation of automation in a warehouse, there are several steps that must be followed to ensure a smooth integration. We start with a needs analysis, where the key processes in the warehouse that could benefit from automation are identified. Next, a customised solution is designed to meet these needs using the most appropriate technology.

When applying automated solutions, we focus on three main areas: automated transport and storage systems (AS/RS), automated guided vehicles (AGVs) and automated picking and packing systems. AS/RS offer superior goods handling capabilities and space efficiency. AGVs provide flexibility in the execution of logistics operations by reducing the risk of human error. Finally, picking and packing systems optimise the time needed to prepare orders.

The introduction of robotics can also play a crucial role in realising the benefits of automation. For example, collaborative robots, or ‘cobots’, can work together with human workers safely, increasing productivity without compromising safety at work.

To ensure a smooth transition to full automation, it is important to provide for an adaptation phase. During this period, human and automated operations coexist, allowing workers to get used to the new technologies.

Finally, it is essential to provide continuous training for workers. Even with the most advanced automation, we will always need the skills and experience of our employees. Therefore, we need to invest in their training to ensure that they can handle the new systems effectively.

The implementation of automation in the warehouse is not a simple process. It requires careful planning, gradual adaptation and staff training. However, if managed correctly, it can lead to significant improvements in operational efficiency and business competitiveness.


Future of automation processes in warehouse logistics

Looking ahead, we see a number of emerging trends that could further shape automation in the logistics sector. One of these is Artificial Intelligence (AI). AI offers immense opportunities to automate and optimise processes in warehouses. For example, it can improve the accuracy of goods picking, reduce delivery time and increase customer satisfaction.

Another growing trend is the IoT, or Internet of Things. With its ability to connect physical devices to the internet, the IoT offers better tracking of goods and more control over logistical processes. Consider machines such as automatically guided vehicles (AGVs), for example; with the IoT, they are able to communicate with each other to avoid collisions and optimise routes.

Furthermore, we expect an increase in the use of collaborative robotics or ‘cobots’. These sophisticated robots work together with humans to amplify our capabilities rather than replacing us completely. Cobots can perform repetitive or heavy tasks while humans focus on more complex tasks that require human judgement.

Finally, we would see an increase in the integration of digital and physical systems through technologies such as virtual and augmented reality (VR/AR). These technologies can help train personnel, improving safety and efficiency. For example, an operator could use a VR visor to learn how to drive an AGV before actually taking control of it.

We believe that the future of automation in warehouse logistics will be extremely exciting. With new emerging technologies such as AI, IoT, cobots and VR/AR, we expect not only greater operational efficiency in warehouses but also a radical transformation of the way we work and interact with machines in the near future.


Key Points of logistics automation

  • Automation in warehouse logistics has the potential to significantly increase the efficiency, speed and accuracy of daily operations.
  • Automation techniques apply to various warehouse processes, from receiving goods to shipping, storage, picking and packing.
  • Automation can lead to better inventory management and quality control through the use of intelligent software and machine vision.
  • The implementation of automation may require a significant initial investment, but the benefits in terms of productivity, error reduction and better inventory management are expected to more than offset these costs.
  • The different types of automation in the warehouse include transport, storage, picking and packing automation, each with their own specific advantages.
  • The future of automation in warehouse logistics could see an increasing role for artificial intelligence, IoT, collaborative robotics and virtual/augmented reality.



Together we explored the many aspects of automation in warehouse logistics. From basic technologies such as barcodes and AGVs, to more advanced AS/RS, AGV and automated picking systems. Our journey led us to realise the importance of a well-planned and gradually adapted transition, with adequate training of personnel. We emphasised the importance of cobots and their role in improving productivity while maintaining safety at work. Finally, we looked to the future, outlining the prospects of an increasingly connected and intelligent warehouse thanks to Artificial Intelligence, IoT and virtual and augmented reality. Automation in warehouses is an ever-evolving reality, poised to transform the way we work and interact with machines.


FAQ on logistics automation

What is the importance of logistics automation?

Logistics automation is essential to improve efficiency in warehouses by reducing human errors, speeding up processes and optimising space. It enables the replacement of some human activities with technologies such as barcodes and AGVs (automated guided vehicles).

What types of processes in warehouses can be automated?

The processes of receiving, storing and shipping goods can be automated. Innovations such as automated storage and retrieval systems (AS/RS), AGVs and automated collection systems can be implemented to improve efficiency.

How can automation be implemented in warehouses?

The implementation of automation solutions in warehouses requires careful planning, gradual adaptation and adequate training of personnel. It is crucial to ensure a smooth transition and successful change.

What is the role of robotics in logistics automation?

In the context of logistics automation, collaborative robots, or ‘cobots’, are able to improve productivity while maintaining safety at work. They work alongside human operators, facilitating repetitive and physically demanding tasks.

How can Artificial Intelligence, IoT and virtual reality influence the future of logistics automation?

These technologies are expected to further revolutionise automation in warehouses, leading to greater operational efficiency and a transformation in the way people work and interact with machines. The result is an increasingly intelligent and interconnected warehouse.


Contact AKNO Group today

To develop the most suitable business park for your business, do not hesitate to contact AKNO Group, your trusted partner for the construction of turnkey business parks and industrial sites. Our team of experts is at your disposal to provide customised advice and solutions tailored to your specific needs.


By choosing AKNO Group as your partner, you will be relying on an industry leader that will provide you with the support and solutions you need to develop your business, along with the advantage of integrated design and turnkey construction. Don’t miss the opportunity to create a tailor-made, sustainable, state-of-the-art industrial environment!

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